First we need to register the string on wpml translation table.

The above function will return a string_id and we will need this id for icl_add_string_translation() function to add labels for other languages.

Alternatively, we can use icl_get_string_id() to get the string_id as:

First we create a rule on htaccess and redirect the pdf files to a php with its path as query string

The sample code for the pdf-viewer.php.

wp_handle_upload_prefilter allows user to change the files during uploads. http://codex.wordpress.org/Plugin_API/Filter_Reference/wp_handle_upload_prefilter ex.